Sustainable Development Goals - Overview

Goal 12: Responsible Consumption And Production

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Responsible Consumption And Production
  • Target 12.1: Implement the 10 Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries Economic   Social  

    • Indicator 12.1.1: Number of countries with sustainable consumption and production (SCP) national action plans or SCP mainstreamed as a priority or a target into national policies Social   Governmental  

  • Target 12.2: By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources Social  

    • Indicator 12.2.1: Material footprint, material footprint per capita, and material footprint per GDP Social  

    • Indicator 12.2.2: Domestic material consumption, domestic material consumption per capita, and domestic material consumption per GDP Social  

  • Target 12.3: By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses Economic  

    • Indicator 12.3.1: Global food loss index Economic   Social  

  • Target 12.4: By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment Environmental   Social  

    • Indicator 12.4.1: Number of parties to international multilateral environmental agreements on hazardous waste, and other chemicals that meet their commitments and obligations in transmitting information as required by each relevant agreement Social  

    • Indicator 12.4.2: Hazardous waste generated per capita and proportion of hazardous waste treated, by type of treatment Social  

  • Target 12.5: By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse Social  

    • Indicator 12.5.1: National recycling rate, tons of material recycled Social  

  • Target 12.6: Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle Social  

    • Indicator 12.6.1: Number of companies publishing sustainability reports Social   Governmental  

  • Target 12.7: Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities Economic   Social  

    • Indicator 12.7.1: Number of countries implementing sustainable public procurement policies and action plans Social   Governmental  

  • Target 12.8: By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature Social  

    • Indicator 12.8.1: Extent to which (i) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development (including climate change education) are mainstreamed in (a) national education policies; (b) curricula; (c) teacher education; and (d) student assessment Environmental   Social   Governmental  

  • Target 12.a: Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production International Cooperation  

    • Indicator 12.a.1: Amount of support to developing countries on research and development for sustainable consumption and production and environmentally sound technologies Social  

  • Target 12.b: Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products Economic   International Cooperation  

    • Indicator 12.b.1: Number of sustainable tourism strategies or policies and implemented action plans with agreed monitoring and evaluation tools Social   Governmental  

  • Target 12.c: Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities Economic   Social   International Cooperation  

    • Indicator 12.c.1: Amount of fossil-fuel subsidies per unit of GDP (production and consumption) and as a proportion of total national expenditure on fossil fuels Economic   Social  


  • Goal 5: Modern Agriculture for increased productivity and production.
    Weak   Aspiration 1.  
  • Goal 7: Environmentally sustainable and climate resilient economies and communities.
    Weak   Aspiration 1.  
  • Goal 12: Capable institutions and transformed leadership in place.
    Weak   Aspiration 3.  


  • Target 1.23: At least 50% of urban waste is recycled..
    Strong   Strong  
  • Target 4.13: Contribution of the creative arts to GDP in real terms is increased by at least 100%.
  • Target 5.4: Reduce post-harvest losses by 50%.
  • Target 7.13: All Cities meet the WHO?s Ambient Air Quality Standards (AAQS) by 2025.
  • Target 12.4: Local communities have a fair share of the exploitation of natural resources and are using them for the benefit of all..
    Strong   Weak  
  • Target 16.4: At least 20% of the citizenry participate in culture and appreciate the creative arts.


  • Indicator 1.23.36: Proportion of waste recycled.
    Strong   Weak   Weak  
  • Indicator 4.13.13: % contribution of the creative arts to GDP in real terms increased.
  • Indicator 5.4.5: % reduction of post harvest losses.
  • Indicator 7.13.17: number of Cities meeting the WHO’s Ambient Air Quality Standards (AAQS) (SDG).
  • Indicator 12.4.4: The level of satisfaction of local authorities on the share of the exploitation of natural resources for the benefit of all. The proportion of revenue generated from exploitation of natural resources retained in the local communities. .
    Strong   Strong   Strong  
  • Indicator 16.4.4: Proportion of citizens who participate in culture.


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