Sustainable Development Goals - Overview

Goal 10: Reducing Inequalities

Reduce inequality within and among countries

Reducing Inequalities
  • Target 10.1: By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average

    • Indicator 10.1.1: Growth rates of household expenditure or income per capita among the bottom 40 per cent of the population and the total population Economic   Environmental  

  • Target 10.2: By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status Environmental  

    • Indicator 10.2.1: Proportion of people living below 50 per cent of median income, by sex, age and persons with disabilities Economic   Environmental  

  • Target 10.3: Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard Governmental  

    • Indicator 10.3.1: Proportion of population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed in the previous 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law Environmental   Governmental  

  • Target 10.4: Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality Environmental  

    • Indicator 10.4.1: Labour share of GDP, comprising wages and social protection transfers Economic   Environmental   Governmental  

  • Target 10.5: Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations

    • Indicator 10.5.1: Financial Soundness Indicators Economic  

  • Target 10.6: Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions Governmental  

    • Indicator 10.6.1: Proportion of members and voting rights of developing countries in international organizations

  • Target 10.7: Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies Governmental  

    • Indicator 10.7.1: Recruitment cost borne by employee as a proportion of yearly income earned in country of destination Economic  

    • Indicator 10.7.2: Number of countries that have implemented well-managed migration policies Governmental  

  • Target 10.a: Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements

    • Indicator 10.a.1: Proportion of tariff lines applied to imports from least developed countries and developing countries with zero-tariff

  • Target 10.b: Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes

    • Indicator 10.b.1: Total resource flows for development, by recipient and donor countries and type of flow (e.g. official development assistance, foreign direct investment and other flows)

  • Target 10.c: By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent

    • Indicator 10.c.1: Remittance costs as a proportion of the amount remitted Economic  

Alignment with Agenda 2063 - Goals

  • Goal 1: A High Standard of Living, Quality of Life and Well Being for All Citizens .
    Strong   Aspiration 1.  
  • Goal 8: United Africa (Federal or Confederate).
    Weak   Aspiration 2.  
  • Goal 20: Africa takes full responsibility for financing her development.
    Weak   Aspiration 7.  

Alignment with Agenda 2063 - Targets

  • Target 1.9 : Reduce (Improve) the 2013 Gini co-efficient by at least 20%. Reduce income inequality by at least 20%
    T10.1 Strong   T10.2 Strong  
  • Target 1.12 : At least 30% of vulnerable populations including persons with disabilities, older persons and children provided with social protection.
    T10.4 Strong  
  • Target 1.13 : All persons working in the formal sector are provided with social security.
    T10.4 Strong  
  • Target 1.14 : At least 20% of the informal sector and rural labor have access to social security.
    T10.4 Strong  
  • Target 8.1 : Free movement of persons and goods/services within REC member states is in place
    T10.7 Strong  
  • Target 8.3 : Opportunities offered to REC citizens extended to other Non REC citizens
    T10.7 Strong  
  • Target 16.2 : An Agency for Diaspora Affairs/ Relations is in place and will be facilitating the Diaspora contributions to development
    T10.c Strong  
  • Target 20.3 : Proportion of aid in the national budget is at most 25% of 2013 level
    T10.b Strong  

Alignment with Agenda 2063 - Indicators

  • Indicator 1.9.9 : Gini co-efficient
    I10.1.1 Weak   I10.2.1 Weak  
  • Indicator 1.12.14 : Percentage of eligible population covered by social protection floors/systems, disaggregated by sex, composed of the following: Percentage of older persons receiving a pension
    I10.4.1 Strong  
  • Indicator 1.12.15 : Percentage of households with children receiving child support
    I10.4.1 Strong  
  • Indicator 1.12.16 : Percentage of working-age persons without jobs receiving support
    I10.4.1 Strong  
  • Indicator 1.12.17 : Percentage of persons with disabilities receiving benefits
    I10.4.1 Strong  
  • Indicator 1.12.18 : Percentage of women receiving maternity benefits at childbirth;
    I10.4.1 Strong  
  • Indicator 1.12.19 : Percentage of workers covered against occupational injury
    I10.4.1 Strong  
  • Indicator 1.12.20 : Percentage of poor and vulnerable people receiving benefits
    I10.4.1 Strong  
  • Indicator 1.13.21 : Proportion of formal sector workers covered by the national social protection programme
    I10.4.1 Weak  
  • Indicator 1.14.22 : Proportion of eligible informal sector workers and rural labor covered by the national social protection programme
    I10.4.1 Weak  
  • Indicator 8.1.1 : No. of laws enacted/Protocols signed (National)
    I10.7.1 Strong   I10.7.2 Weak  
  • Indicator 8.1.2 : No. of countries within the RECs that domesticated laws/protocols (Regional)
    I10.7.1 Strong   I10.7.2 Weak  
  • Indicator 8.1.3 : Number of obstacles on free movement of persons and goods and services reported
    I10.7.1 Strong   I10.7.2 Weak  
  • Indicator 8.1.4 : Number of reported cases of obstacles faced by citizens from REC member states
    I10.7.1 Strong   I10.7.2 Weak  
  • Indicator 8.3.8 : % of opportunities offered to RECs citizen extended to non-RECs citizens
    I10.7.1 Strong   I10.7.2 Strong  
  • Indicator 16.2.2 : Countries with an Agency for Diaspora Affairs/Relations in place to facilitate the Diaspora contributions to development
    I10.c.1 Strong  
  • Indicator 20.3.7 : Resources raised through innovative financing mechanisms as a % of national budget
    I10.b.1 Weak